Fundamentally, meditation is the training of our own attention. Once and again, we focus our attention on our breathing. As we've seen, our breathing is completely anchored to the present moment, where all life's true matters remain.
As we train our attention with meditation, we can start capturing the subtle things in life. We are able to realize things such as feelings, thoughts, and situations of our daily lives that have always been there, but we weren't aware of them yet.
It is then when we begin to do introspection and comprehend our position in life and the different circumstances that it presents to us.